Green pest control refers to a strategy, which monitors, prevent, and stop pest actions using plant based materials. It is regarded as an extension of integrated pest management. It eliminates the practice of using chemicals to control and stop pest activities. Green pest control involves use of materials of nature rat origin. Organic materials such as plant oil in particular have been widely used as a replacement of chemical pest control methods.
Green Pest Control Techniques
Use of Floating Row covers —in this method, a white translucent fabric is used as an insect barrier. They are available in both heavyweight and lightweight types. The lightweight type is ideal and recommended for controlling pests in summer .This is because it keeps out bugs without necessarily cooking your plants. The heavyweight type traps more warmth hence only ideal for season extending. This method of green pest control can be used as a temporary barrier to get plants past their critical stages like seedlings or even when the pests’ activities are at peak. Floating row covers can be used to control a number of pest including cabbage moths, flea beetles, squash bugs, tomato horn-worms and most aphids.
Pheromone Traps—since most insects produce smells called pheromones, scientists have capitalized on this by creating a duplicate of the scents. The duplicate scents are then used to bait special traps for luring the target insects. This method is only useful as an early warning about a particular insect invading your area. The farmer is then supposed to use other green pest control methods like those floating row covers. This method monitors the following pests, cabbage loppers, corn ear-worms, European corn borers and tomato pin-worms.
Sticky Traps— these are made of a rigid material of a certain color that is coated with sticky substance. It is used to catch insects that are attracted to that specific color. The traps need to be clean and sticky for them to be highly effective. The farmer should also use at Least one trap for every 3 to 5 feet. One can decide to buy the packaged sticky traps or even make them yourself. When making them yourself use any rigid material of the right color and cut the material to size. You can cover the trap with a plastic wrap and coat with a sticky substance like a tangle — trap. This technique of green pest control can be used to control white-flies, fruit flies, male winged scales, fungus gnats, midges, Leaf hookers and winged aphids.
Insecticidal soap—this contains unsaturated Long chain fatty acids, which dissolves the cuticles of the insects.
The insecticidal soap need to be exposed to the insects while it is still in Liquid form for it to be effective.
Insecticidal soap controls mites and aphids.
Bacillus Thuringiensis —this is a bacterium that is naturally found in the soil. They are of different types and can be used to kill a specific or class of insects. When the bacterium is sprayed to a plant and the target insect bites the plant the insect is infected and stops feeding on the plant. The bacterium releases a protein that makes the insect to die within days. It is used to control squash vine borers, cabbage worms, corn ear-worms and different types of caterpillars.
Green pest control methods are gaining popularity because of the need to conserve the environment and reduce the Levels of pollution. Farmers should consider using some of the techniques discussed here to effectively embrace green pest control. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CEFY4EK00Ec